Attributed to Raphael

Portrait of Perugino (c. 1504)

Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence

This splendid portrait has been much discussed, as the painter and the figure have been mysterious for a long time: it once was thought to be Martin Luther painted by Holbein, then Andrea del Verrocchio by Lorenzo di Credi, or again a portrait of unknown man. The comparison with the Pietro Perugino’s self-portrait painted in the Collegio del Cambio at Perugia led to the identification as Pietro Perugino, and the attribution went to his most celebrated pupil, Raphael. Recently the attribution to Lorenzo di Credi was again proposed. Both the identity of the sitter and the authorship of the painting are still matters of debate. The attribution to Raphael is supported by the majority of contemporary scholars. (+)